The prostate is a gland that sits at the bottom of the bladder and wraps around the urethra. The urethra is like a tube, where urine exits through from the bladder to the outside of the body. An enlarged prostate occurs primarily as function of genetics and time. As the prostate gets larger it may obstruct or block the flow of urine, resulting in a variety of problems or symptoms related to urination.
Enlarged prostate treatment options are vast and variable including:
Patients often select one of these options based on the severity of their symptoms, goals of care, aversion to risk or risks specific to each treatment, and longevity of the treatment. The success of the treatment is evaluated on the patient’s improvement of urinary symptoms and so quality of life.
Similarly, any side effects from the treatment also need to be monitored and addressed if problematic and alternative treatment plans should be pursued if the patient is not satisfied with the quality of life as related to their prostate enlargement, urinary symptoms, or sexual function.
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